‘Law reform’ simply defined, is the continuing process of examining existing laws, and advocating and implementing changes in the legal system to make the laws better suited to the needs of society.

It is a critical element in any country’s development process and, in the case of Rwanda, very strategic for a rapidly developing nation. In this connection, between 2000 and 2004 an ad-hoc Law Reform Commission was temporarily set up by the Government to address urgent issues at the time. However, some of Rwanda’s laws remained archaic and were increasingly becoming inapplicable to the ever changing Socio-economic direction the country is pursuing. It was therefore necessary that a more systematic and structured approach to legal reforming be adopted in order to positively complement the national development agenda.

It is in this context that the Government of Rwanda created the Rwanda Law Reform Commission (RLRC) as a permanent public institution responsible for law reform. Together with other institutions comprising the Justice, Reconciliation, Law and Order Sector (JRLOS), the RLRC aims at strengthening the rule of law, good governance and effective administration of justice through its work.